This Answer is for the new LINUX USER, WHO JUST HAVE STARTED USING LINUX & HAVE JOINED ...................."VGLUG GROUP".......................
A:-The Linux kernel works hand in hand with what is called the root
filesystem. This is the filesystem upon which the root directory
can be mounted and which contains the files necessary to bring the system
to a state where other filesystems can be mounted and user space daemons and
applications started. Most desktop and server distributions make use of
two kinds of root filesystems: the initial root filesystem and the real
Root privileges are the powers that the root account has on the
system. The root account is the most privileged on the system and has
absolute power over it (i.e., complete access to all files and
commands). Among root's powers are the ability to modify the system in
any way desired , to grant & revoke access permissions
(i.e., the ability to read, modify and execute specific files and
directories) for other users, including any of those that are by default
reserved for root.
The directory structure for a root filesystem can be extremely minimal, it contains the usual set of directories such as /dev, /bin, /etc, & /sbin, among others that you see in any
One of these is the root directory which is the top level directory on a system. That is, it is the directory in which all other directories, including their sub-directories, and files reside. The root directory is designated by a forward slash ( / ).
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